Phenomenology of Fantasy and Fiction

Some Remarks Towards a Unified Account

  • Pedro Manuel dos Santos Alves University of Lisbon

Abstract

I offer an outline of an integrated phenomenological analysis of free fantasy and of fictional worlds. My main con­cern amounts to stress the scissions entailed in free fantasy and in the con­sciousness of fictional objects: a scission of the I, and a scission of the experience. Firstly, I offer a somewhat new characterization of the presence of the objects of free fantasy, which discon­nects any possible relationship of those objects with a real perception as the leading form of an originally giving consciousness. My leading example is daydream. Secondly, I take the Husserlian analysis of neutralization as a conceptual tool to explain the consciousness of fictional worlds, against a new ten­dency for in­terpreting these worlds in light of the concept of “possible world”. The two approaches converge to a twofold char­acterization of the mode of being of fictions and of the modality of presence of the objects of fantasy.

References

HUSSERL, E. (2000). Aktive Synthesen: Aus der Vorlesung 'Transzendentale Logik' 1920/21. Ergänzungsband zu 'Analysen zur passiven Synthesis'. Edited by Roland Breeur. Hua XXXI. The Ha¬gue: Kluwer.
— (1980). Phäntasie, Bildbewusstsein, Erinnerung. Zur Phänomenologie der anschaulichen Vergegenwartigungen. Texte aus dem Nachlass (1898-1925). Edited by Edu¬ard Marbach. Hua XXIII The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
— (1977). Ideen zu einer reinen Phänomenologie und phänomenologischen Philosophie. Erstes Buch: Allgemeine Einführung in die reine Phänomenologie. 1. Halbband: Text der 1.-3. Auflage. Edited by Karl Schuhmann. Hua III-1. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
— (1968). Zur Phänomenologie des inneren Zeitbewusstesens (1893-1917). Edited by Rudolf Boehm. Hua X. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
KANT, I. (1998). Critique of Pure Reason. Translated by P. Guyer and A. Wood. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
KRIPKE, S. (1980). Naming and Necessity. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
RONEN, R. (2005). «Are Fictional Worlds Possible?». In: M. Hoffman and P. Murphy. Essentials of the Theory of Fiction. Durham & London: Duke University Press.
Published
2019-08-30
How to Cite
ALVES, Pedro Manuel dos Santos. Phenomenology of Fantasy and Fiction. Phainomenon, [S.l.], n. 29, p. 39-55, aug. 2019. ISSN 2183-0142. Available at: <http://phainomenon-journal.pt/index.php/phainomenon/article/view/391>. Date accessed: 12 nov. 2019.
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)