The Transcendental Foundations of Science

  • Jairo da Silva

Abstract

It is a philosophical naiveté to believe that the object of science is some ready-made world out there that the scientist, free of any preconceptions, simply stumbles upon. Of course, there is a world out there, given to us through the senses, but that must be intentionally elaborated to become a world for us and a possible object of scientific inquiry. The intentional constitution of the world of science supports and “justifies” a priori conceptions about the empirical world, even those of a logical nature, that are, then, properly transcendental rather than metaphysical. My goal here is to investigate what these presuppositions are and on what they are based.

References

DA SILVA, J. J. (2017). Mathematics and its Applications – A Transcendental-Idealist Perspective. Synthese Library v. 385. Dordrecht: Springer.
HUSSERL, E. (2001). Natur und Geist. M. Weiler (ed.). Hua XXXII. Dordrecht: Springer.
— (1974). Formale und transzendentale Logik (2nd ed.). Hua XVII. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
— (1972). Erfahrung und Urteil: Untersuchungen zur Genalogie der Logik (5th ed.). Hamburg: Felix Meiner.
— (1954). Die Krisis der europäischen Wissenschaften und die transzendentale Phaenomenologie. Hua VI. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
Published
2018-08-06
How to Cite
DA SILVA, Jairo. The Transcendental Foundations of Science. Phainomenon, [S.l.], n. 27, p. 5-22, aug. 2018. ISSN 2183-0142. Available at: <http://phainomenon-journal.pt/index.php/phainomenon/article/view/370>. Date accessed: 10 dec. 2018.
Section
Articles