O triplo sentido de conteúdo intencional

Breve estudo sobre a teoria da intencionalidade de Husserl

  • Sérgio Fernandes Universidade de Lisboa

Abstract

The content of a mental act — a pivotal element of a theory of intentionality — has a threefold meaning: as a logical concept, is the ideal signification, as a psychological concept, is the core of a noema (i.e., the instantiation of an ideal signification), andas an ontological concept, is the object (real or unreal) intented by the noematic nucleus. We can make a parallel between this Husserlian threefold distinction and the Fregean sense/"reference" distinction, reducing it to the sense/object distinction. This parallelism is not to force the Husserl's thought to Frege s, but, on the contrary, to show the structure of the tripie meaning of content: Husserl mtroduces the difference between ideal signification and instantiated signification, so the pure and simple signification and the noematic sense are species of the genus sense. Thus, Husserl's theory of intentionality and his philosophy of language does not go against Frege, but beyond. The recognition of that allows us to see the error of Føllesdal's interpretation, as while as those of Sartre and Gurwitsch. The Fregean sense/"reference" distinction is subsumed by the Husserlian conceptual trio ideal signification/noematic sense/object. This triad of concepts houses not only a semantic theory (as Frege's pair), but also a theory of conciousness and a theory of perception. Husserl integrates its semantics in a theory of intentionahty of consciousness that overcomes the intentio doctrines of Brentano, Twardowski and the medievals.

Published
2010-10-01
How to Cite
FERNANDES, Sérgio. O triplo sentido de conteúdo intencional. Phainomenon, [S.l.], n. 20-21, p. 43-62, oct. 2010. ISSN 2183-0142. Available at: <http://phainomenon-journal.pt/index.php/phainomenon/article/view/263>. Date accessed: 20 oct. 2018.
Section
Articles