História e estrutura em Maurice Merleau-Ponty e Claude Lévi-Strauss
In one of the working notes from The Visible and the Invisible, Merleau-Ponty expresses the intention of resuming his critique of Lévi-Strauss 's notion of Gestatung in a future version of the text. The recent publication of the notes from the course at the College de France (1954-55), and particularly the first of them regarding "L'institution dans l'histoire personelle et publique", allows a more thorough understanding of that otherwise rather obscure reference. ln this paper, we track Merleau-Ponty's critique ofthe anthropologist's theory of history in the courses on institution as well as in other texts of the sarne period (and particularly relevant is the reference to Les aventures de la dialectique). The French philosopher pursues a conceptual path that may move beyond the radical relativism professed by the Lévi-Strauss, which is nothing but a supplement of natural objectivism, and aims at a "relativization of the relative". We thus see how Merleau-Ponty focuses this question on the notion of "historical" and "social" perception, suggesting a "perceptive" reading of the categories proposed by Lévi-Strauss. We believe that this particular phase of the merleau-pontyan reflection on history is a step of the greater importance in the theoretical path towards the ontological inquiries ofhis last works.